Medicinal Value of Spiders

Araneidae

Common Name of SpiderMedicine nameMethod of PreparationClinical Features
1. The cross spider or the paple cross spiderAranea DiademaTincture prepared by putting the living spider into absolute alcoholBone diseases, chills, Dyspepsia, Dysmenorrhoea, Haemorrhagic diathesis, Headache, Neuralgia, Hydrogenoid constitution, Punctured wounds, Scorbutic affections, Scurvey, Rickets, Toothache
2. The Grey spiderAranea Scinencia– Do –Deblity, Eye diseases, Sleepiness, Headache
3. Corss spiderAranea Ixobola– Do –Haeadache, Sciatica, Dysmenorrhoea, Dyspepsia

Argiope pulchella

Mode of preparation of medicinesUses / type of disease
1.Make spider web dust, mix with Durba root (Cynodon dactylon)1.Applied locally to stop haemorrhages
2.Spider web mix with the leaf juice of Kuksima (Blumea odorata)2.Applied locally to stop the bleeding of piles
3.Make spider dust; mix with stem bark powder of Punarnaba (Boerhaavia diffusa) and taken with honey3.Applied in case of dry cough and coryza
4.Make spider dust; mix with leaf juice of Muktajhuri (Acalypha indica)4.For cure of congestive headache and to stop the bleeding of nostril

Cyrtophora cicatrosa

Mode of preparation of medicinesUses / type of disease
1.Dry the spinneret part of the spider, make into powder; mix the powder with Chirata (Gentiana chirata)1.Applied in case of chronic fever during rainy season
2.Dry the cheliceral part of the spider; make into powder; mix with Tomato juice (Solanum lycopersicum)2.Applied for nerve debility
3.Make spider dust; mix with honey bee’s product3.Applied locally on forehead in case of chronic headache
4.Spider dust mix with root dust of Thankuni (Hydrocotyle asiatica)4.Used locally with mustard oil in case of Erysipelas, redness of skin

Neoscona mukerjei

Mode of preparation of medicinesUses / type of disease
1.Dry the spinneret part of the spider; make into powder; mix with leaf juice of Titpolla (Luffa amara)1.Used for enlargement of liver and fever even in case of Kala-azar
2.Make spider powder, mix with seed powder to Titpolla (Luffa amara) and taken with honey2.Applied in case of diuretic and purgative to children
3.Spider dust mix with root dust of Kule Khara (Hygrophila spinosa) and honey3.Applied locally on forehead in the case of insomnia
4.Spider dust mix with leaf juice of Dulal Tulasi (Ocimum caryophyllatum)4.Taken in case of blood dysentery
Lycosidae


Pardosa birmanica

Mode of preparation of medicinesUses / type of disease
1.Dry the spider; make into powder; mix with ripe banana (Musa sepientum)1.Taken daily in the morning in case of Asthma
2.The living spider is pushed into the ripe banana (Musa sepientum)2.Taken after 2-3 hours in case of Bronchitis
3.Make spider powder; mix with white milky substance of Shweta Akanda (Calotropis lactum)3.Applied for Toothache
4.Make spider dust; mix with seed oil of Haritaki (Terminalia chebula)4.Applied locally in case of Rheumatism and arterial sclerosis

Lycosa choudhuryi

Mode of preparation of medicinesUses / type of disease
1.Dry the spider; make into powder, mix with dust of Olat Kambal root (Abroma radix) in the proportion of 1:91.Applied in the case of Diabetes
2.Separate and dry the cheliceral part of the spider; make into powder; mix with bark dust of Nim (Azadirachta indica)2.Applied in the case of poisonous ulcer
3.Separate and dry the spinneret part of the spider; make into powder; mix with root bark dust of Olat Kambal (Abroma radix)3.Taken twice daily in case of Dysmenorrhoea
4.Make spider powder; mix with seed powder of Kule Khara (Hygrophila spinosa)4.Taken once at night in case of Insomnia

LYCOSA TARENTULA

Common name of spider Medicine name Method of preparation Clinical Features
Lycosa Tarentula of U.S.A.  Lycosa TarentulaTincture prepared by putting the living spider into absolute alcoholHysteria, spinal irritability, cerebral congestion, Bladder tenesmus, constriction sensations

Miturgidae
Cheiracanthium himalayensis

Mode of preparation of medicinesUses / type of disease
1.Dry the cheliceral part of the spider; make into powder; mix with bark dust of Akanda (Calotropis gigantea) in the proportion 1:91.Applied locally with mustard oil in case of rheumatism
2.Dry the spinneret part of the spider; make into powder and mix with honey2.Applied in case of recurring cold and cough
3.Spider powder mix with dust of shephalika (Nyctanthes arbortristis)3.Used locally with mustard oil in case of paralysis
4.The fresh spider boil with honey and taken twice daily4.Applied for heart disease

Cheiracanthium melanostoma

Mode of preparation of medicinesUses / type of disease
1.Spider powder mix with honey in the proportion of 1:91.Taken in case of cardiac troubles
2.Spider dust mix with milky juice of Bot tree (Ficus bengalensis)2.Applied locally in case of sore and foul ulcer
3.Spider dust mix with leaf of Apamarga (Achyranthes aspera)3.Applied locally on the dropsical parts of the body
4.Spider dust mix with Nim seed oil (Azadirachta indica)4.Used for message in case of rheumatism

Nephilidae
Nephila pilipes

Mode of preparation of medicines Uses / type of disease
1.Dry the spinneret part of the spider; make into powder; mix the powder with leaf extract of Tulasi (Ocimum sanctum) 1.For cure of intermittent fever
2.Dry the carapace and cheliceral parts of the spider; make into powder; mix with the seed-powder of Shephalika (Nyctanthes arbor-tristis) 2.Applied locally in case of paralysis
3.Make spider dust; mix with root dust of patal (Trichosanthes dioica) 3.Taken in case of blood vomiting
4.Make spider dust; mix with cow milk 4.Used in case of children who are intolerable to milk

Pholcidae
Crossopriza lyonii

Mode of preparation of medicinesUses / type of disease
1.Spider legs push in ripe banana (Musa sepientum) and taken orally1.Used in case of lactation of mother of new born baby
2.Spider powder mix with root powder of Olat Kambal (Abroma radix)2.Taken in case of diabetes
3.Spider dust mix with stem bark of Punarnava (Boerhaavia diffusa)3.Used in case of nausea and vomiting
4.Spider dust mix with leaf dust of Nim (Azadirachta indica)4.Applied in case of pyorrhoea and gum troubles

SalticidaeHyllus bengalensis

Mode of preparation of medicinesUses / type of disease
1.Dry the cheliceral part of the spider, make into powder and mix with powder dust of root bark of Akanda (Calotropis gigantea)1.Applied in case of gangrineous ulcer
2.Dry the spinneret part of the spider, make into powder; mix with Haritaki dust (Terminalia chebula) 2.Taken in the case of vertigo and constipation
3.Spider powder mix with seed powder of Chandra (Rauwolfia serpentina) and taken twice daily3.Applied in the case of insomnia and high blood pressure
4.Spider powder mix with seed powder of Sephalika (Nyetanthes arbortristis)4.Applied in the case of dandruff

Plexippus bengalensis

Mode of preparation of medicinesUses / type of disease
1.Dry the whole spider; make into powder, mix with the stem bark of Olat kambal (Abroma augusta)1.Applied in the case of vertigo and impotence
2.Spider dust mix with the leaf juice of Bhat (Clerodendron infortunatum)2.Applied in the case of intestinal colic or worm troubles
3.The spider dust mix with leaf juice of Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum)3.Applied in the case of tonsillitis and earache
4.The spider powder mix with Sephalika (Nyctanthes arbortristis)4.Applied in the case of nausea, vomiting and headache
Sparassidae

Heteropoda venatoria

Mode of preparation of medicinesUses / type of disease
1.Dry the spider; make into powder mix with Nim oil (Azadirachta indica) in the proportion of 1:91.Applied locally in case of acute Rheumatism
2.Make spider powder; mix with the leaf juice of Bhat (Clerodendron infortunatum)2.Applied against worms in children
3.Make spider powder; mix with stem bark powder of Punarnava (Boerhaavia diffusa)3.Taken twice daily in case of high blood pressure
4.Make spider dust; mix with leaf juice of Thankuni (Hydocotyle asiatica)4.Use in case of Psoriasis

Spariolenus tigris

Mode of preparation of medicinesUses / type of disease
1.The living spider is pushed into the ripe banana (Musa sepientum)1.Taken once in a day for good lactation of mother of new born baby
2.Dry the spider; make into powder; mix with the root powder of Durba (Cynodon dactylon)2.Used once in a day for Leucorrhoea
3.Spider mix with ghee or milky juice of Bot tree (Ficus bengalensis)3.Used locally on gum for toothache
4.Make spider powder; mix with fruit powder of Kule Khara (Hygrophila spinosa)4.Taken once in a day for Insomnia
5.Make spider powder, mix with Gulancha dust (Tinospora cordifolia)5.Taken once daily for purification of breast milk in case of mother of new born baby

Theraphosidae

Common Name of SpiderMedicine nameMethod of PreparationClinical Features
1. Cuban Tarentula of South Caroline & TexasTarentula CubensisTincture prepared by putting the living spider into absolute alcoholDiptheria, Bubonic plague, Carbuncle, Chorea, Intermittents
2. Spanish spiderTarentula Hispania– Do –Hysteria, Dysmenorrhoea, Spinal irritability, Bladder tenesmus, Formication, Hysterical Epilepsy
Theridiidae

A. Black Widow Spider

Common Name of SpiderMedicine nameMethod of PreparationClinical Features
1. Black spider of New South WalesLatrodectus HasseltiTincture prepared by putting the living spider into absolute alcoholArrests intense pain in pyaemia, Great oedema in neighbourhood of wound, Paralysis of limbs, Vertigo, Loss of memory, Roaring, Septicaemic conditions.
2. Black spider found in New Zealand and CaliforniaLatrodectus Katipo-Do-Chorea, Faintness, Slow heart, Nettle-rash, Oedema, Lymphangitis, Nervous twitching, Scartel burning eruption.
3. Not availableLatrodectus Mactans-Do-Angina pectoris, Watery non-coagulating haemorrhages, Constriction of chest muscles.


B. Orange Spider


Common Name of SpiderMedicine nameMethod of PreparationClinical Features
1. Orange spider of West IndiesTheridion CurassavicumTincture prepared by putting the living spider into absolute alcoholSpinal inflamation, Toothache, Vertigo, Motion sickness, Bone decay, Meniere’s disease.
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